The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Rothberg International School

Division of Undergraduate Studies

Spring Semester 2019


48278: The Palestinians:  Modern History and Society

Professor Nafez Nazzal


Office hours: By appointment                                 Email

This course is an introductory survey of the history, politics, and society of the Palestinians. It focuses on the rise and development of Palestinian nationalism and the changing nature of the Palestinian population and leadership since W.W.I. The course will also examine the social structure, the family, gender relations, and the transformation of Palestinian Society.  It concludes with an assessment of the causes, results, and effects of the wars in the region, the negotiations and agreements between Israel and the PLO/PNA since 1993 and the prospects of peace and security in the Middle East.


Course requirements:

(a)  Attendance and active participation in all class discussions (10%)

(b)  A midterm (40%) and a final examination (50%)


Course Outline:

Reading List

I.  Introductory Remarks:  Historical, political, social, and economic 

    Background of Palestine to 1920.  (February 24, 26)


Required Readings:

Samih Farsoun and Christina Zacharia. Palestine and the Palestinians

               (Boulder, Colorado Westview Press, 1997), pp. 21-65.   



II. The emergence of Arab/Palestinian Nationalism (March 3, 5)

Required Readings:

Muhammad Muslih, "Arab Politics and the Rise of Palestinian Nationalism.”     

               Journal of Palestine studies, Vol. XVI. No. 4 (Summer 1987), 

                pp. 77-94.   E-JOURNAL


III. Palestine under the British Mandate System, 1920-1948

      (March 10, 12)



Required Readings:

Henry Cattan, Palestine, the Arabs and Israel:  The Search for justice. (London:  Longman, 1969), pp. 3-30.  Main Library DS 119.7 C38; ERESERVE

Anthony Nutting,  Balfour and Palestine:  A Legacy of Deceit (London: The

Council for Arab- British Understanding.  1982.  pp. 75-86. Overseas Library 933.622 N986

Michael Adams, "What Went Wrong in Palestine." Journal of Palestine Studies. Vol.  XVIII. No.1, (Autumn, 1988),  pp. 71-82.  E-JOURNAL


IV. The Palestinians, the Arab States and Israel, 1948-1967

       (March 17, 19)


1)      The 1948 War:  New borders and displaced people

Required Readings:


Sami Hadawi, Bitter Harvest: Palestine between 1914-1967 (New York: The New World Press), pp. 100-115.   ERESERVE

Nafez Nazzal.  The Palestinian Exodus from the Galilee, 1948 (Beirut:  The Institute for Palestine Studies, 1978), pp. 65-110.    Overseas library E325.21 N34; ERESERVE (65-83, 102-111)


2)      The formation of the PLO


Required Readings:

Rashid Hamid, “What is the PLO.” Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. IV. No. 4 (Summer 1975),  pp.  90- 109. Appendix BI:  The Palestinian National Charter. pp. 113-118. E-JOURNAL

Alon Ben-Meir, “ The Palestinian Refugees:  Ending Their Lingering  Plight.” (October 16, 2014),  pp. 1-3.

V. Palestinian Society: Structure and Institutions (March 24, 26, 31)

Required Readings:

Moshe Shemesh, "The Palestinian Society in the Wake of the 1948 War:

From social fragmentation to consolidation" Israel Studies, 9, 1, (Spring 2004),  pp.  86-100. E-JOURNAL

Tawfiq Zayyad,
"The Fate of the Arabs in Israel."  Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. VI, No. 1 (Autumn 1976), pp. 92- 102.  E-JOURNAL

Rosemary Sayigh, "The Palestinian Identity among Camp Residents."  Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. VI, No. 3 (Spring 1977), pp. 3-22.  E-JOURNAL

Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs (PASSIA), “Society and Living Conditions.”  (Jerusalem, 2014).  pp. 408-413.


                                 Midterm Examination- April  2

VI. Historical, political, and social developments in Palestine, 1967-1993

       (April 7, 9, 30; May 5, 12)


1) The 1967 War and its backlash on Palestinian Society

Required Readings:

Hisham Sharabi, "Prelude to War:  The Crisis of May-June 1967." In Ibrahim Abu- Loghod, ed. The Arab-Israeli Confrontation of June 1967: An Arab Perspective.  (Evanstown: Northwestern University, 1970), pp. 49-65.  Overseas library E990.21 A166; ERESERVE


2)      The Israeli administration of the Palestinian Occupied Territories  


Required Readings:

Arie Arnon, “Israeli Policy towards the Occupied Palestinian Territories: Economic Dimension, 1967-2007.”  Middle East Journal, Vol. 61, No.4  (Autumn 2007),  pp. 573-595. E-journal

Khader Abusway, Rose-Maria Barbeau and Muhammad el-Hasan, Signed, Sealed, Delivered: Israeli Settlements and the Peace Process (Jerusalem: Jerusalem Media and Communication Center, 1997),  pp. 29-50.  Main Library DS 119.76 A29 1997; ERESERVE 1509169

Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs (2014). “Land and Settlements.”  Jerusalem: PASSIA,  pp. 360-368.


United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs-Occupied  Palestinian Territories. “Area C of the West Bank:  Key Humanitarian Concerns.” ( Jerusalem  2013).  pp. 1-2.

Helga Tawil-Souri, “Qalanddia Checkpoint:  The Historical Geography of a non- Place.”   Jerusalem Quartely, no.42 (Summer 2010), pp.26-48. ERESERVE

Col. Philip J. Dermer,  “Trip notes on a return to Israel and the West Bank: Reflections on U.S. Peace Making, the Security Mission, and what should be done.”  Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 39, No. 3  (Spring 2010), pp. 66-81. E-JOURNAL

Safa Dhaher,  “The Psychological impact of 50 years occupation.” Journal of Palestine Studies. Vol. 22,  No. 2 & 3 (2017). pp. 99-105. E-Journal


3)      Palestinian perception and reaction to the Yom Kippur/  Ramadan War of 1973 and to the Camp David Agreement

Required Readings:

Fayez Sayegh,  "The Camp David Agreement and the Palestinian Problem."  Journal of Palestine Studies,  Vol. 3, No. 2 (Winter 1979), pp. 3-40.    E-JOURNAL                    


4)     The Palestinian Uprising (Intifada) of 1987

Required Readings:

Aryeh Shalev, The Intifada: Causes and Effects (Boulder: West View Press,  1991) pp. 13-43.  ERESERVE; Overseas Library E322.42 S528


VII.   Rapprochement and coexistence, 1993-present

          (May 14, 19, 21, 26, 28)


1)      The Madrid Middle East Peace Conference and the Declaration of Principles -DOP/1993. 

Required Readings:

Dajani, Burham (Spring 1994). “The September 1993 Israeli-PLO Document:  A Textual Analysis.” Journal of  Palestine Studies  23(3)  pp. 5-23. E-JOURNAL


2)      Oslo II (1995) Accords; Israeli redeployment in Hebron(1997);  the Wye River Memorandum (1998); Camp David II ( 2000)


Required Readings:

Sufian Abu Zaideh, “Oslo process from path to peace, to a tool to sustain the Israeli occupation”. Journal of  Palestine Studies  . Vol. 23, No. 2 & 3 (2018).  pp. 52-57. E-JOURNAL

Helga Baumgarten, The Myth of Camp David or the Distortion of the Palestinian Narrative.  (Birzeit: Birzeit University, 2004), pp. 7-18. ERESERVE


3)      The significance and implications of Al-Aqsa (2000) Intifada ; Taba Conference ( 2001); Road Map (2002); Geneve Initiative (2003); Sharon Initiative (2003)

Required Readings:


Rema Hammami and Salim Tamari, “The Second Uprising:  End or New?” ”. Journal of  Palestine Studies  ,  Vol. 30, No. 2 (Winter 2001), pp. 5-25. E- JOURNAL


4)      The post-Arafat Era: The PNA in the West Bank vs. Hamas in the Gaza Strip (2006-2007)

Required Readings:

Meir Litvak, “The Islamization of the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict:  The Case  of  Hamas.”  Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 34. No. 1 (January 1998).  pp. 148-163.

Sara Roy, "Praying with their Eyes Closed:  Reflections on the Disengagement from Gaza."   Journal of  Palestine Studies, Vol. 34, No. 4, (Summer, 2005), pp. 64-74.  E-JOURNAL

Graham Usher, "Democratic Resistance:  Hamas, Fatah, and the Palestinian   Elections."  Journal of  Palestine Studies, Vol. 35, no. 3, (Spring 2006), pp. 20-36. E-JOURNAL

Menachem Klein, "Hamas in Power." Middle East Journal, Vol. 61, No. 3  (Summer 2007), pp. 442-449.   E-JOURNAL


5)      The prospects of peace and security in the Middle East : Annapolis Conference (2007); Israeli-Palestinian Talks (2009-present)


Required Readings:

Beshara Doumani, “ Palestine versus the Palestinians? The Iron Laws and

Ironies of  a People Denied” Journal of  Palestine Studies, Vol. 36, no. 4 (Summer           2007), pp. 49-63.  E-JOURNAL

Raphael Cohen-Almagor, “Parameters for a Two-State SolutionPalestine-Israel Journal, Vol. 21, No.2 (2015), pp. 112-119. E-Journal

Alon Ben-Meir, “The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: To Where?” November

29, 2016.

Ziad Abu Zayyad, “After 50 years of occupation, it is time for justice and peace: If not sharing the state, then a fair sharing of the land.”  Journal of  Palestine Studies, Vol. 22, No. 2&3 (2017).  pp. 34-43. E-Journal


Final Examination- June 2, 2019


Optional/Recommended Readings:

Yehoshua Porath.  The Palestinian National Movement:  From Riots to Rebellion, 1929-1939 (London:  Frank Cass, 1977). E320.9(A) J27

Walid Khalidi, ed.  From Haven to Conquest:  Reading in Zionism and the Palestine   Problem Until 1948 (Washington:  IPS, 1983). Main Library DS 149 K53

John R. Gee.  Unequal Conflict: The Palestinians and Israel (NY: Olive Branch Press, 1999). Overseas library E327.56 G297           

Dilip Hiro.  Sharing the Promised Land: A Tale of Israelis and Palestinians  (NY: Olive

Branch Press, 1999). Overseas library  E9 H668

Walter Laqueur and Barry Rubin.   Israel-Arab Reader (N.Y.: Penguin Putnam Inc., 2000)    Overseas library  E327.56(08) L317

Samih K. Farsoun and Christina E. Zacharia.  Palestine and the Palestinians  (Boulder: Westview Press, 1997). Main Library DS 119.7 F38


Pamela Ann Smith. Palestine and the Palestinians, 1876-1983  (London: Croom

Helm, 1984). Main Library DS 125 S63

Bylis Thomas.  How Israel was Won:  A Concise History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

(Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 1999). Main Library DS 119.7 T478 1999

Avrahm Sela and Moshe Ma’oz, ed., The PLO and Israel: From Armed Conflict to

Solution, 1964-1994 (NY: St. Martin’s Press, 1997). Overseas library E322.42 S464

Benny Morris.  Righteous Victims:  A History of the Zionist-Arab Conflict, 1881-199            ( NY:  Alfred A. Knopf, 1999). Overseas library E327.56 M875; Ebook

Eugene Rogan and Avi Shlaim, ed.  The War for Palestine:  Rewriting the History of 1948 (Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 2001). Overseas library E990.12 R730

Francois Massoulie, trns. Angele Parker.  Middle East Conflict  (NY:  Interlink Book, 1999). Overseas library ME9 M421

Haim Gordon, ed.  Looking Back at the June 1967 War  (Westport, CT: Praeger, 1999). Main Library DS 127.96 O3 L66

William Haddad, Ghada Talhami and Janice Terry, eds. The June War:  After Three Decades (Washington:  AAAUG, 1999). Overseas library E990.21 H126  

P.R. Kumaraswamy, ed.  Revisiting the Yom Kippur War (London:  Frank Cass, 2000). Overseas library E990.23 K96

Shaul Mishal and Avraham Sela.  The Palestinian Hamas:  Vision, Violence, and Coexistence (NY:  Columbia University Press, 2000. Overseas library 297.19 M678; Ebook

Benny Morris.  1948 and After:  Israel and the Palestinians. (Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1994). Overseas library  E325.21 M875

Salim Tamari and Eli Zureik.  Reinterpreting the Historical Records :  The Use of Palestinian Refugee Archives for Social Research and Policy Analysis (Washington:  IPS, 2001) Truman 325.254(=927P)/RE

Naomi Shepherd.  Ploughing Sand:  British Rule in Palestine, 1917-1948 (New Brunswick, NJ:  Rutgers University Press, 2000). Overseas library  E97 S548

Graham Usher.  Dispatches from Palestine:  The Rise and Fall of the Oslo Peace Process (London:  Pluto Press, 1999). Ebook

Meron Benvenist.  Sacred Landscape:  The Buried History of the Holy Land Since 1948 (Berkeley:  University of California Press, 2000). Overseas library  E325.21 B478; Ebook

Ilan Pappe, ed.  The Israel-Palestine Question  (London: Routledge, 1999). Overseas library  E327.56 P218

Kathleen Christison.  Perceptions of Palestine:   Their Influence on U.S. Middle East Policy (Berkeley:  University of California Press, 1999). Main Library E 183.8 I7 C48; Ebook

Amira Hass, Drinking the Sea at Gaza:  Days and Nights in a Land Under Siege (NY:  Metropolitan Books, 1999). Overseas library  E320.9(A) H353

Laurie Brand.  Palestinians in the Arab World  (NY:  Columbia University Press, 1988). Overseas library  ME323.1(PAL.) B817

Michael Prior, ed. Western Scholarship and the History of  Palestine  (London:  Melisende, 1995). Overseas library E9 P958

Ann Lesch and Dan Tschirgi.  Origins and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict  (Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1998). Overseas library E327.56 L625

Tomis Kapitan, ed.  Philosophical Perspectives on the Arab-Israeli Conflict  (NY:  M.E. Sharpe, 1997). Main Library DS 119.7 P49

Geoffrey Aronson.  Israel, Palestinians and the Intifada (NY:  Kegan Paul International, 1990). Overseas library E322.42 A769

Edgar O’balance. The Palestinain Intifada (London:  Macmilan, 1998). Overseas library E322.42 O12  

Willaim Quandt.  Peace Process: American Diplomacy and the Arab-Israeli Conflict Since 1967 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001) Overseas library ME327.172 Q1

Edward Said.  The End of the “Peace Process”: Oslo and After (NY: Pantheon Books, 2000). Main Library DS 119.76 S24 E5

Karen A. Feste.  Plans for Peace  (NY: Praeger, 1991). Overseas library E327.172 F418

Nichlas Guyatt.  The Absence of Peace  (London:  Zed Press, 1998). Main Library DS

119.76 G82

Eytan Bentsur. Making Peace: A First Hand Account of the Arab-Israeli Peace (Westpost, CT: Praeger publisher, 2001). Overseas library E327.56 B478; Ebook

Aharon Klieman.  Compromising Palestine: A Guide to Final Status Negotiations  (NY: Columbia University Press, 2000). Main Library DS 119.76 K54          

Adnan Abu-Odeh.  Jordanians, Palestinians and the Hashemite Kingdom in the Middle East Peace Process  (Washington: United States Institute of Peace,         1999).Overseas library 327.569.5 A166

Valerie Yorke.  The European Union and the Israeli-Palestinian Peace Process  (London:

Saferwood, 1999). Overseas library E382.914.2 Y64        

Ilan Peleg, ed.  The Middle East Peace Process: Interdisciplinary Perspectives (Albany: SUNY, 1998). Overseas library ME327.172 P381; Ebook

Itamar Rabinovich.  The Brink of Peace: The Israeli-Syrian Negotiations (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998). Overseas library E327.569.1 R116; Ebook

Yossi Beilin. Touching Peace: From the Oslo Accord to a Final Agreement  (North Pomfrest, VT: Trafalger Suquare Publishing, 2000). Overseas library  E327.172 B422

Haig Khatchadouri.  The Quest for Peace Between Israel and the Palestinians (NY: Columbia University Press, 2001). Main Library DS 119.76 K48 2000

Dalia D. Kaye.  Beyond the Handshake: Multilateral Cooperation in the Arab-Israeli Peace Process, 1991-1996 (NY: Columbia University Press, 2001). Overseas library  E327.172 K23

Andrew S. Buchanan.  Peace with Justice: A History of the Israeli-Palestinian Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Agreements (NY: St. Martin’s Press, 2000). Law Library 341-E1/BUC

Raja Shahadeh.  From Occupation to Interim Accords: Israel and the Palestinian Territories (London: Kluwer Law International, 1997). Law Library RS 0150

Laura Eisenberg and Neil Caplan.  Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace:  Pattern, Problems, Possibilities  (Bloomington:  Indiana University Press, 1998). Overseas library  E327.172 E36

Geoffrey Kemp and Jeremy Pressman.   Point of No Return: The Deadly Struggle for Middle East Peace (Washington: The Brooking Institute Press, 1997). Main Library DS 119.76 K36

Itamar Rabinovich.  The Road not Taken: Early Arab-Israeli Negotiations (NY:  Oxford University Press, 1991).  Overseas library  E341.52 R116

Michael Dumper.  The Politics of Jerusalem Since 1967 (NY: Columbia University Press,1999) Overseas library  E114 D896; Ebook

Ghada Karmi, ed. Jerusalem Today: What Future for the Peace Process (Exeter: Ithaca Press, 1997). Overseas library E114 K18

Meron Benvenisti.  City of Stone: The Hidden History of Jerusalem (Berkeley:  University of California Press, 1996). Overseas library E114 B478; Ebook

Nasser Aruri, ed. Palestinian Refugees:  The Right of Return (London: Pluto Press, 20001). Overseas library E325.21 A794; Ebook

Don Peretz.  Palestinians, Refugees, and the Middle East Peace Process (Washington: United States        Institute of Peace, 1993.  Overseas library E325.21 P437

Elia Zureik.  Palestinian Refugees and the Peace Process (Washington: IPS, 1996). Overseas library E327.172 Z965   

Geoffrey Aronson.  Settlements and the Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations: An Overview (Washington: IPS, 1996). Main Library HV 640.5 A6 Z87